By Arthur L. Keith

Edited by David S Keith


During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, numerous persons of Keith name emigrated to the Colonies.  Probably every one of the thirteen Colonies received some of these emigrants before the Revolution.  The writer (Athur L. Keith) sees no value in the effort to integrate these various emigrants along with their descendants into one pattern simply on the basis of the common possession of the Keith name.  Many of them were undoubtedly more closely related to their Smith and Jones and Brown neighbors than to other Keiths.  The present account deals only with Alexander Keith of Baltimore County, Maryland, and his descendants.

Scotland was of course the breeding place of the Keiths.  There the family emerged into notice about 1000 A.D.  The origin of the name is doubtful.  Some have supposed it derived from Chatti, a war-like people of Germany who were driven from their homeland by Romans in the first centuries of our era.  They are supposed to have crossed the North Sea and Settled in to the present Caithness, which took its name from them and from which the name Keith might conceivably have arisen.  In the case the name would ultimately be of Teutonic Origin.  Others connect the name with a Celtic root meaning dam and in that case Keith would be a place-name just as ford, wood, hill, and many others.  Whatever the origin of the name, which will probably never be known certainly, the blood of the clan from the remote centuries has been an admixture of Teutonic and Celtic elements.  The writer has been seen representatives of many Keith lines and he has observed that they are generally far more Anglo-Saxon than Irish and Highland Scotch in looks.  The writer disclaims any particular acquaintance with racial origins but if any one has such an interest he may be referred to Sir Arthur Keith of London who while totally unconcerned in his immediate personal ancestry, is the world's leading on the genetic origin of man.

The Keith name was once prominent in the Scottish annals.  Buchan more than 100 years ago wrote an account of Ancient and Noble family of Keith, Earls of Marischal of Scotland, which has been the ultimate source of information in regard to this branch. Buchan assumes to trace the Noble line back to Robert Keith, a chief of the Chatti, who gained his distinction and his knighthood in 1696 by slaying with his own hands the leader of the invading Danes. From Sir Robert Keith there follows a long line of Keiths of Keiths, all Sirs, for about 400 years, and then begins the line of ten Earls Marischal terminating in 1715 with George Keith whose estates and Title forfeited in consequence of his having espoused the cause of the Stuart pretender.  Buchan's account back of the 1400 lacks substantial evidence.  After that time it is perhaps dependable.  However the present writer has little interest in such matters as a so-called noble ancestry and coats-of-arms and deplores a common tendency of today on the part of Americans to make silly and unsubstantial claims which make them look ridiculous to all intelligent people. 

Genealogical research that seeks the simple truth justifies itself.  When the truth is disregarded and fictitious claims are maintained genealogy earns its full measure of odium.  In spite of claims to the contrary, there is not a Keith in our country who can prove any connection with the Earls Marischal at some common ancestor.  That there was any closer connection is easily disproved by the following known facts.  Bishop Robert Keith, born 1681, published in 1750 a tract, which the present writer (A.L. Keith) has before him, which proved conclusively that he and his three grand-nephews, Alexander, Robert and John Keith, are the nearest representatives then living of William Lord Keith, third Earl Marischal, who was living in 1514, excepting of course, George Keith, tenth Earl Marischal and his brother General James Francis, Edward Keith, who were then in exile, both of whom left no issue.  Upon death of George Keith in 1778 Bishop Robert Keith's grand-nephews were acknowledged as the undoubted lineal representatives in the male line of the Earls Marischal of Scotland, and they had to go back to at least 1514 for their connection.  There may have been many descendants along female lines.  Bishop Robert Keith himself left a daughter whose descendants may be living today, but they do not bear the Keith name.  The Bishop's three grand-nephews also left no male issue and thus the male line from William Lord Keith, the third Earl Marischal, became extinct.  After due inquiry and investigation the General Service on Sept 24, 1782 found that George Keith of Northfield was the nearest representative of the Earls Marischal and it was found that his line sprang from the Earls Marischal prior to 1400.  This would seem to settle the matter for all time.  The Keiths of America have no provable claim to the connection with the noble family of Scotland.  In the interest of truth so much should be admitted.


First Generation


Alexander Keith of Baltimore County, Maryland was born about 1681 undoubtedly in Scotland, for in this respect we may trust tradition.  Other emigrant Keiths came from Ireland and are the so-called Scotch-Irish, though they may have been as surely Scotch as these who came directly from Scotland.  Alexander Keith's motive in venturing to the new world can only be guessed at.  They may have been economic only, or the spirit of adventure may have led him to break home ties.  We have no clue as to his religious faith unless the fact that his death is given in the records of the Church of England(Episcopal) may indicate that he was of that faith.  His son John Keith was certainly a Baptist as were also many of his descendants.  It was probably no desire to seek religious freedom that brought him to the new continent.  He may have been attracted to our shores through the fact that friends or kinsman had preceded him.  But he had no known connection with any other Keiths in the colonies at that time.  One George Keith processed him to Maryland by about forty years, settling in St. Mary's County but notwithstanding the fact that one published account makes Alexander and George brothers there is not a scintilla of evidence to prove it.

Apparently soon after his arrival in Maryland Alexander Keith married Christian(Christianne), daughter of William Forfar (Farfar and otherwise).  Before 1680 we find both Keiths and Forfars living in the parish of Feteresse, Kincardenshire, Scotland.  Possibly William Forfar and Alexander originated from that district.  Future genealogists might explore that possibility.


Alexander Keith in a deposition now in the Land Office at Annapolis on Nov. 20, 1718 gave his age as 37 years.  We are safe in then giving 1681 or about that as the date of his birth.  As we shall see later he died July 2, 1721, that is, at about the age of forty years.  On the same date, Nov 20, 1718 William Farfarr deposing on the same matter gave his age as about 69 years, therefore born about 1649.  We may feel somewhat certain about these ages and that they are not loose approximations, as when ages are given as 30, 35 or 40(multiples of five).

William Forfar had but one child, Christian (at least who grew to maturity).  Since all the descendants of Alexander descend also from William Forfar. I digress to give what is known of him.


William Forfar


The name is found as Farfar, Farrfarr, Farfer, Farfer, Farfarr, Fairfar, Farfare, Forfare, Farfour, and perhaps otherwise.  He was undoubtedly of Scotland which has a county and town named Farfar.  As a surname it is very rare both in Scotland and America.  In Scotland it is regarded as the same as Forquhar.  William Forfar fist appears on the Baltimore records in 1692.  After that his name is found frequently until his death in 1722.  The first mention of his name as William Forfar is found in a list of taxable on the north side of the Patapsco.  In the same list appear the names of John Harriman, Moses Edwards, Francis Watkinds, and Tobias Starnborrow, all of whom are associated later with his name.  On Oct. 20, 1692 Luke Raven and William Fairfar were appraisers of the estate of John Ashos (?).  On Mch 4, 1692 (1693 of course by new style) William Fairfar and Joan, his wife, present account of Lewis Barton, dec’d.  Joan is given as relict and administratrix.  John Hayes and Richard Gardner were the securities to the account of 9132 pounds of tobacco.  Lewis Barton and his wife Johanna first appear in Baltimore records in 1682.  The last appearance of Lewis Barton is found dated Julie 25, 1688.  Between that date and Mch 4, 1693 Lewis Barton died and William Forfar married his widow.  Since William Forfar’s daughter Christianne married in or prior to February 1709 to Alexander Keith, she might have been the daughter of Johanna (Joan), widow of Lewis Barton, by her second husband William Forfar.  If born in 1693 she would not need to be under 15 at the time of her marriage to Alexander Keith.  It is more likely however that William Forfar who was born about 1649 was Christianne’s father by a former marriage.  In November, 1695 William Farfar was one of the jurors in the suit of John Taylor vs Cornelius Harrington.  In September, 1696 William Farfar with Nicholas Fitzsymons was security for Robuck Lymch, administrator of Samuel Greenwood of Baltimore County.  In May 1696 William Farfor presents account as administrator of Lewis Barton.  On Aug. 3, 1698 John Lekmes (?) and William Farfar were securities for Thomas Smith, administrator of Humphrey Day.

            In 1699 William Farfar was taxable on the north side of the Patapsco River, along with John Barrett, Tobias Stanborough, John Harriman, George Hopum, Nathanial Corbin, and others associate with him later. In May 1699 William Farfar and Danial (?) Swendell (?) were appraisers of estate of Isaac Maxwell.  In 1699(?) William Farfar and Isaack Sampson were sureties for Joseph Pake (?), administrator of James Peake, dec’d 200 pounds sterling.

            On June 6, 1699 William Forfare bought “Prospect”, 60 acres, on one side of the branch of  Back River, of Robert Banger and wife Deborah.  The deed was witnessed by James Kethuen and Tho Meriweather.  On Feb. 27, 1704 William Farrfarr received patent for “Deer Bitt”, 665 acres near run descending into Back River.  Marginal note in record states that the total number of acres was 470.  This patent was based upon a warrant for 300 acres to said Farfarr, dated Apr 29, 1703, upon another for 300 acres, dated Apr 11, 1703, and upon a third for 65 acres dated Feb 25, 1704.  Later the patent for 665 acres was surrendered and a new patent for 470 acres was issued to said William Farfar.  This land lay between Moore Run and Herring Run within the present limits of Baltimore City on the northeast side.  On Mch 5, 1705 William Farfar and wife Johanah sold to Nicholas Fitzsimmons part of “Dear Bitt,” 219 acres, at the head of the Back River.  Both William Farfar and wife make their marks.  The deed was witnessed by John Knowls and John Roberts.  On Nov. 6, 1705 William Farfar bought of Francis Watkins a parcel of land called “Shrewsbury,” 65 acres, lying on a run of Back River called Stony Run.  The deed was witnessed by Moses Edwards and William Wilkinson.  “Shrowsbury” was surveyed Feb. 9, 1687 for Francis Watkins, patented June 12, 1688.  The Rent Rolls of Baltimore County give its further history thus:  Christian Keif bought from William Farfar and uxor, Feb. 26 1708; Francis Rider bought from John Keeth, Apr 9, 1743

            On Feb. 26 1708/9 William Farfar sold to “my beloved daughter Christian Keith” a parcel of land called “Dear bit”, part of a tract called Shrewsbury, the same to descend to her loving husband Alexander Keith if she would die.  Johanna signs with her husband.  The pronoun “my” used in this deed suggest that Christian was not Johanna’s daughter.  The deed was witnessed by John Gibbins and Andrew Anderson.  The number of acres seems to have been 65 and it was the tract bought of Francis Watkins in 1705.  Farrfarr’s Favour, 100 acres was surveyed for William Farfar on Mch 5. 1709, on the north side of the Back River.  In November, 1708 William Farfarr was a juror.  In June, 1709 William Farfar, planter, sued James Boreing for debt, 364 pounds of tobacco and won the suit.  In November, 1709 William farfar suid James Boreing for trespass.  In Julye, 1710 William Farfare and John Barrett were sureties for Sarah Starnbrough (Stansbury), administratrix of Tobias Starnbrough.  On Feb. 28, 1712 William Farfar and wife Elenar Farfar of Back River sold to John Barrett of Patapscoe River a tract of land called “Barrett’s Rest”, being part of a larger tact called “Dear Bit”, granted by patent to said Farfar, Feb 27, 1704.  The land lay at the head of Back River and joined Nicholas Fitzsmmons.  The price paid was 12000 pounds of tobacco for 256 acres.  The deed was witnessed by Nicholas Rogers and Thomas Cromwell.  From this deed we learn that Johanna, wife of William Farfar, had died some time after Feb 26, 1709 and William had taken wife Elenor.  She was the widow of John Harriman  who made will in Baltimore County, Feb 4, 1710/1711, probated Feb 15, 1710/1711, in which will he mentions wife Eleanor, and sons John, Samuel, Thomas, George, and Charles.  Samuel Harryman is mentioned in the William Forfar’s will as son-in-law Dec 25, 1721.  Eleanor is not mentioned in this will.  Apparently she predeceased him.  In November, 1714 Fre Ballahide brought suit against William Farfar and wife Eleanor, administrator of John Harryman.  On Sept 1, 1733, that is, 11 years after Farfar’s death, John Farryman, aged 39, deposed that William Farfar had told him so and so in regard to a tract called “Thurrell’s Neck”.  On Nov. 20, 1718 Alexander Keith aged about 37, and William Farfarr, aged 69 deposed in regard to disputed land.  In their testimony the names of Thomas Cannon, John Fitskedmond (?), and Mr. Francis Watkins are mentioned.  In November, 1718 William Farfar’s petition to be levy-free was granted by the court.

            William Farfar of Baltmore County made will Dec 26, 1721 probated Mch 27, 1721/22.  The will was witnessed by George Harryman, Jane Hopum, and Peter Arnold.  A codicil dated Dec. 27, 1721 was witnessed by Samuel Harryman, Jane Hoppum, Christn Keeth, and Peter Arnold.  The testator leaves to grandson Alexander Keeth and heirs part of  “Shrewbury” and “Dear bit”, joining and running with John Barret’s line and down the branch of “Sickmore Rest”.  He mentions son-in-law (stepson) Samuel Harryman who is to keep cow and calf of Alexander Keeth until he comes of age.  In the codicil he gives it as his desire as well that of his daughter Christianne Keeth that Alex Grant should take care of his two grandsons Jno. Keeth and Alexr Keeth and bring then up until they are twenty.  William Farrfarr’s will and executor’s bond are presented Mch 27, 1721/22 by Samuel Harryman.  Sureties were Nathl Darby and Jacob Peacock.  The inventory of Capt. Wm Farfar was presented Aug 18, 1722 by Samuel Harryman, the administrator.  The appraisers were Jonas Bowen and Luke Trotten.  No kindred given.  Creditors were John Harryman and Tho Sherodine.  The valuation of his estate was given as 44.12. 3.  Amounts due the estate from Loyd Harris, Sam. W. Maxwell, and from the County.  What service he had rendered the county is not known.  Neither is it known why he is called Captain.  In 1724 Samuel Harryman made account as administrator of William Farrfarr.

            William Forfar’s land holdings seen to be accounted for excepting “Prospect”, 60 acres, bought of Robert Banger in 1699, and “Farfarr’s Favour”, 100 acres, surveyed in 1709.  No record of their alienations has been found.




            The land which Alexander Keith bought (through his wife) of William Forfar was probably within the present limits of the city of Baltimore.  There Alexander Keith and wife Christianne began their wedded life and their two sons John and Alexander were born and there William Forfar and his daughter Christianne Keith sleep quietly amid the tumult of a great city.

            In March, 1713 and November, 1713 and March, 1714 Alexander Keith served as juror.  On June 21, 1717 John Barrett of Baltimore County made will, probated Mch 24, 1717/18, in which he mentions grandson Nick Corbin, eldest son of Edward Corbin, wife Alice, John Reyston, James Wells, John Keith, son of Alexander Keith (to whom he leaves two heifers three years old).  The will was witnessed by Alex. Keith, Kath. Lindall, and Moses Edwards.  In 1712 John Barret had bought land of William Farfar.  The reason for his interest in the son of Alexander does not appear.  On Nov. 10 (also given Nov. 20), 1718 Alexander Keith, age 37 years, in a dispute about “Dickson’s Neck”, Baltimore County deposed that he and a certain Thomas Cannon being disposed to take up land laid a warrant on a piece of land which upon enquiry he found Dickson’s land and that thereupon he relinquished it.

            Alexander Keith died July 2, 1721.  His death is record in the register of St. Anne’s Parish at Annapolis.  It is not clear why his death was recorded there for his home was certainly in Baltimore County.  As we shall see later he was in dept when he died to D. Dulany of Annapolis.  His death may have occurred while he was visiting Dulany in regard to his dept.  This will of William Farfar, dated Dec 26, 1721 clearly proved that his son-in-law was no longer living.  Alexander Keith died intestate, aged about 40 years.  He would likely be buried where he died, namely, at Annapolis.  There is no further record of Christianne Keith.  In her readiness to hive over her sons to Alexander Grant, as shown by William Forfar’s will, we may have an indication that she also was expecting death soon.

            In March, 1722 Alexander Grant petitioned the court for leave to take the two young sons left by Alexander Keith to the care of their grandfather who is lately dead and who on his death bed desired that such be done.  Petitioner desires possessions of their land and cattle during their minority.  The court grants petition of Alexander grand and his wife Mary and orders that the income of the estate be used for their education and that their land be returned to them at 21.

            On Aug 20, 1722 John Lancaster presents bond of administration on estate of Alexander Keith, dec’d.  Sureties were Thomas Hicks and Philip Lindall to the amount of 40 pounds.  In 1724 John Lancaster administrator of Alex. Keith. Made account.  In November, 1726 Alexander Grant again petitioned the court.  He reminds the court that he was appointed guardian of the two orphan sons of Alexander Keith, late of this county; he mentions a small tract of land the only filial portion which was left and said orphans by their father; refers to the fact that the court at the petitioner’s request had asked John Israel to view and report on this land, which he had neglected to do till his death, after which the court had asked John Willmott (?) and Luke Stansbury to view land; that the petitioner had asked John Cockey to meet the gentleman on said land and to administer oath, which he refused to do; that the gentlemen met and assessed rent at 600 pounds of tobacco which the petitioner deems too much for the land, as the land is of no advantage being without fencing and other conveniences.  Petitioner asks to be relieved from the care of the land while agreeing to take Christian care of the said orphans.  The court orders that John Merryman and Nicholas Haile (?) value the said land again and apply to Mr. Cockey as a Justice to qualify the said appraisers.  On Feb 21. 1729 D. Dulany offered petition stating that Alexander Keith late of Baltimore County died in the petitioner’s debt and that administration of his estate had been trusted to John Lancaster who wasted the deceased’s estate and ran away, and asks that remedy be had from the administrator’s sureties, which was granted.  From these records it appears that the two orphan sons of Alexander Keith had been cast upon the world in a practically penniless condition.  The only land which Alexander Keith had was probably of no great value being without fencing and other conveniences.  Whatsoever personal goods he left seems to have been taken from the orphans by the administrator, John Lancaster.

1.      Alexander Keith, born about 1681, died July 2, 1721, arrived in Maryland before 1709, married Christianne Forfar in or before February, 1709. Issue:

2.                  i. John Keith

3.                  ii. Alexander Keith


Second Generation


            2. John Keith (son of Alexander Keith, 1) was born 1710, probably within the limits of present City of Baltimore.  Aside from the records given above, his name does not appear again until Apr 9, 1743 on which date John Keeth and wife Katherine of Baltimore Co, MD. Sold to Francis Rider a parcel of land called dear bitt”, part of another tract called “Shrewsbury” 65 acres for 7000 pounds of tobacco.  William Rogers and Thos Nolan (?) witnessed the deed.  The name of the tract completely identifies his as the son of Alexander Keith (1).  The identification of this John Keith with John Keith of Fredrick Co., Va is obtained by a more circuitous, though is no less convincing route.  This route lies through a volume of records in the Superior Court of Baltimore County, running from August 1743 to 1745 in which volume on page 691 is found the record of a suit brought by William Chitwynd & Com vs Jacob Young.  It appears that the sheriff of Baltimore County had been directed on Mch 4, 1743 to cite Jacob Young to answer to the court to be held at Joppa on the first Tuesday in June, 1743.  The sheriff had produced the said Jacob Young at this session.  The plaintiffs allege that the said Jacob Young on June 30, 1742 in Baltimore County had received from John Hunt, who was in the service of this company by the name Principee Company, a bond of a certain William Dunleps and Adam Sharls for the payment of 9 pounds Pennsylvania currency or 12 pounds Maryland currency.  The which said Jacob Young agreed in day and year aforesaid to return within 9 months but said Jacob did not return said bond or value thereof.  William Chitwynd & Com demand damages to 25 pounds currency money.  The suit was postponed from the court to court until August, 1745 at which court judgment is given against him.  We now pass to Fredrick Co., Va.  There in the court records of Mch 10, 1745 (probably old style for 1744) John Keith, assignee of Jacob Young, brought suit against William Dunlop and Adam Sherrill in a case of debt.  The names Dunlop and Sherrill are undoubtedly the correct forms for Dunlops and Sharls as they appear in Baltimore records.  The sheriff reports that the defendants are not to be found, so the case is dismissed.  On July 13, 1744 the suit is again pressed by John Keyth vs Adam Sherrill and again dismissed, the write not being executed.  The sheriff reports that the defendant is not in his county.  On Dec 5, 1744 John Keith once more brought his case vs Adam Sherrill before the court.  Apparently the defendant was present for the plaintiff, John Keith, refused to prosecute and at the defendant’s motion it was ordered that he be non-suited and that John Keith pay to the defendant 5 shillings or 50 pounds of tobacco with costs incurred in his defense.  On Mch 3, 1747 John Keith came into court and made oath that he delivered to his attorney a bond against William Dunlop & Adam Sherrill for 9 pounds Pennsylvania money payable to said Keith and hath received no satisfaction for the same and the said Johnston also made oath that he had lost the said bond and that no judgment ever was obtained thereon, which is ordered to be certified.  Apparently John Keith had not given up hope of realizing the amount due on the note.  These are all the records found pertaining to the matter but they are sufficient to identify John Keith of Baltimore County with the John Keith of Frederick Co., Va.  It is obvious that Jacob Young of Baltimore County sold the bond of William Dunlop and Adam Sherril to John Keith and therefore he could not return the said bond to the Principee Company for the reason that John Keith had moved from Baltimore County to Fredrick Co., Va.  This coincides exactly with the sale of “Dear Bitt” by John Keeth and wife Katharine, Apr. 9, 1745.  There is no reason to suppose that John Keith bought the bond in bad faith.  It can hardly be denied that the John Keith to whom Jacob Young sold the bond was his neighbor of Baltimore County, the son of Alexander Keith(1) and there can be no doubt that the John Keith of Fredrick Co., Va who sues on account of this note was identical with the John Keith of Baltimore County.  There was a decided drift from Baltimore County at that time to the new county being opened up in what was then Fredrick Co, Va.  One John Chenowith, for example, moved about the same time from Baltimore County to Fredrick Co, Va and his family and the Keith family were clearly associated.  In fact one published account makes the wife of John Keith a Chenoweth, but without supporting evidence.  The writer has examined the early Chenoweth history and hinds no Chenoweth woman of right age to have been John Keith’s wife.  Besides the Chenoweth family there were many others who made this move about the same time.  I have perhaps elaborated upon this point longer than was necessary in order to establish sufficiency of the circumstantial evidence in the lack of direct evidence.

            We now take up the Keiths in Fredrick and Hampshire Counties, Va.  Hampshire (now in West Va) was taken off from Fredrick in 1757.  In 1750 John Keith was living in the part now known as Hampshire and of course he may have been there in the records given above from 1743 to 1747.  It is interesting to note that the next records come from the survey book of the youthful George Washington.  On Apr. 23, 1750 George Washington surveyed for Henry Enoch in the Fork of Cacapehon 388 acres.  John Keith was chainman and John Constant was marker.  Again on Apr. 23 1750, George Washington surveyed for John Newton, Fredrick Co., Va No. River, about a mile above the said fork beginning at Henry Enock’s corner, John Keith being chainman and John Constant marker.  Since neighbors usually preformed the duties of chainman and markers these records show that John Keith was living in 1750 very close to the Fork of the Cacapehon.  On Feb 8, 1753 John Keefe sued Nathaniel Dougherty and William Roberts for trespass, Fredrick County.  Case dismissed.  On June 15, 1765 John Keith received grant for 209 acres in Hampshire County, on both sides of the Great Cacapehon.  In the description of the land two white oaks are mentioned on a hill by he road from Town of Winchester to Co. Cresap’s.  This taken with the records from Washington’s surveys indicated very closely the place where John Keith lived.  It was about a mile above the fork of the Cacapehon River, about 20 miles northwest of Winchester and about the same distance a little north of east from present Romney, West Va.  Here John Keith seems to have lived from about 1745 till 1777.  No earlier survey by John Keith has been found and he probably prior to 1765 held land as many others did by right of tomahawk.  On June 1765? John Corbley (described as of Fredrick County, though his land lay in Hampshire) received grant for 52 Acres on both sides of the Great Cacapehon, joining John Keith’s.  John Corbley was a Baptist Minister and was associated with the Keiths for some time and for this is mentioned here.  On Apr 16, 1773 John Corbley of Monongala River sold 52 acres on the Great Capon to John Rice.  The deed was witnessed by Joseph Craycroft, Thomas Bowel, and Basel Bowel.  On the same day, Apr. 16, 1773 William Craycroft of Westmoreland Co., Penn and wife Sarah sold 38 acres on the Great Capon to John Keith, Senior.  The deed was witnessed by Joseph Craycroft, Thomas Bowel, and Basel Bowel.  These deeds represent part of the western movement in which John Keith himself is to participate within a few years.  John Corbly, who described himself as of Monongala River, was in a short time paster of the Baptist congregation at Ten Mile Creek near Amity, present Washington Co., Penn. (Washington County was formed from Westmorland County in 1781 and Westmoreland from Bedford in 1773.)

John Keith was a taxable in Tyrone Township, Beford County in 1772 and 1773.  Tyrone Township was in immediate vicinity of Ten Mile Creek but whether this is John Keith, Sr. or Jr. cannot be told.  Since the Senior was buying land in Hampshire Co., Va in Apr 1773 it is very likely refers to the Junior but John Keith Senior seems to have been there later in 1773.  In the same list of taxables are the names of Henry Bartley, Jonathon Arnold, and in the adjourning township of Springhill, the names of Henry ?nook, Walter? Brisco and others, all of which have been or are to be closely associate with the Keiths.  The Ten Mile Creek settlement is about 90 miles from the home of the Keiths in Hampshire Co, Va.  On Nov 1, 1777 John Keith of Monongala Co, Va (this is part of Penn. later claimed by Va.) sold to James? Connard? Of Hampshire Co., Va land granted to the said John Keith by deed from the Proprietor’s office bearing the date of June 16?, 1765, registered in ???? folio 396.  On Nov. 2, 1777 Mary Keith, wife of John Keith, joined him in this deed.  In the deed of  Apr 9, 1743 by which John Keith of Baltimore Co. sold land in that county he had wife Katherine, whereas in this deed he had wife Mary.  Apparently he married a second time.  On Nov 10, 1777 John Keith of Monongala Co., Va sold to James Connard land joining the corner of William Bowell’s in Hampshire County, 38 acres which the said John Keith had bought of William Craycroft.  This is the last mention we find of John Keith or any of his family in Hampshire County.

            Civil records pertaining to John Keith and family are completely lacking Pennsylvania.  The reason for this is obvious.  John Keith in the deeds given above describes himself as of Monongala Co., Va.  Records of him and his family should be found in Mononfalia Co, West VA but the early Monogalia records have been lost.  By the time it was acknowledged that the present Ten Mile Creek region was a part of Pennsylvania the Keiths had moved to Kentucky.  From other sources however we obtain reliable information of the Keiths in this region. Draper in his collection at Medison, Wisc, gives interviews which he had many years ago with old residents of Washington Co., enn and from these unpublished papers we learn that on the North Fork of the Ten Mile Creek in 1777 in Washington Co., Penna there were two stations, one belonging to Henry Enoch and the other to John Keith, to which forts the inhabitants fled in time of danger from the Indians.  The Association of the names Enock and Keith easily indicates a Hampshire Co., Va origin.  The early records of the Ten Mile Creek Baptist Church, aside from those of the organization meeting itself, are in existence.  The first meeting is said to have occurred in the latter part of 1773 in Keith’s fort, the spot occupied in 1924 by the residence of Harry Rasel, about one mile south of Lone Pine.  The first recorded meeting (the records of which show that there had been an earlier organization meeting) is dated Dec. 1, 1773 and was held in Enoch Enoch’s house.  On Feb 4, 1774 at a meeting held in the home as David Enoch, Alexander Keith was chosen to take the place of the clerk “to raise the Psalm tune.”  On Fev 27, 1777 the church chose John Keith as one of the ruling elders.  It seems to me there can be no doubt that this was John Keith, Sr.  On June 14, 1777 it was ordered that a communion be held at the Keith’s fort “as times being difficult on account of the Indians.”  On Feb 14, 1778 Brother Keith (no first name given, but probably “elder” John Keith) was appointed to interview the pastor.  On Feb 20, 1779 brother Keith (again no first name) and his wife were granted a letter of dismissal.  Only two Keiths surely appear in these records, John and Alexander.  Since we know of these two Keiths only, father and son, it may be a safe inference that John Keith had died before Feb 20, 1779 and that Alexander Keith was the brother Keith who received letter of dismissal (with his wife) on that date.  We have no records showing that the Keiths were in Kentucky as early as 1779 but they might have been there so early without surviving records.  They were there in 1780, at least the four sons of John Keith (2) were there but we have no sure indication that the father himself was ever there.  In many mentions of John Keith in the Kentucky records no attempt seems to have been made to distinguish between a Senior and a Junior.  If he did go to Kentucky, which I think unlikely, he was not there long enough to get into the records.

            We may safely assign to John Keith (2) the following children (order uncertain):

4.                  i. Henry Keith

5.                  ii. John Keith

6.                  iii. Alexander Keith

7.                  iv. William Keith


            3. Alexander Keith (son of Alexander Keith, 1) finds scant mention in the records.  We have already seen that he became a ward of Alexander Grant.  We have no way of knowing whether Alexander Grant was related to the orphan sons of Alexander Keith(1).  But Alexander Grant is his will made Dec 28, 1738, probated Jan 3, 1739 in Baltimore County, made bequest to Alexander Keath(no relationship mentioned).  This will was witnessed by John Merryman, John Edwards, and Richard Gott.  No further record of Alexander Keith (3) has been found.  He certainly married and left a family but probably died in early manhood.  I assign him with slight reservations one Mary Keith who in Baltimore County on Feb 8, 1754 married Solomon Cross.  John Cross in the same county made will in 1764 in which he names son Solomon Cross and others.  One John Keeth (his mark) was one of the witnesses.  This John Keeth I also assign to Alexander Keith (3).  On Oct 20, 1771 John Keeth of Baltimore County had 62 acres surveyed, called “Keith’s Patch,” being part of his Lordship’s Reserve lying in Baltimore County near the head of a branch descending into the western prong of Gunpowder Falls.  William Farfar Keith was certainly the son of Alexander Keith (3).

            Alexander Keith (3) married and had issue:

            ?i. Mary Keith, married Solomon Cross.

            ?ii. John Keith.

8.                  iii. William Farfar Keith.

Third Generation


            4. Henry Keith (son of John Keith, 2) is certainly correctly assigned.  The writer’s grandfather, Henry Keith (35), with whom the writer talked over family history in the summer of 1890, seems not to have known of Henry Keith (4) though he talked of his grandfather Alexander Keith, and the latter’s brother’s John and William.  His memory at that time was not the most reliable since he was then in his eighty-second year.  Henry Keith (4) was of about the same age as John, Alexander, and William and is so constantly associated with them, especially with John, that there is no room for doubt that he belongs here.

            No certain record of Henry Keith is found until he arrives in Kentucky.  But Henry Keith who in 1774 furnished provisions for the use of the Army (along with John and William Hartley, Jacob and Abraham Van Meter)  may be identical with this Henry Keith.  The names suggest a southwest Pennsylvania connection.  See Draper Note, NN4 Madison, Wisc. From Julie 18, 1780 to Aug 26 1780 John Keith (as sergeant) William and Henry Keith(privates) served under Capt. Danel Hull, Col Lin, and Col. Clark in the expedition against the Chawnes(Shawnees).  Likewise under Col. Cox and Gen Clark against the Chawnes the three brothers served from Oct. 21, 1782 to Nov 25, 1782.  These records are found in the so-called Illinois papers in the department of Archives, Richmond, Va. And represent service in the Revolution from Kentucky.

            On Dec. 3, 1781 the court of Jefferson Co, Ky. Authorized surveys of 400 acres each to be made for John Keith, Henry Keith, and many others.  Henry Keith seems not to have availed himself of this opportunity.  The Keiths were probably living then in the present Nelson Co., Ky. then a part of Jefferson.  Henry Keith of Nelson Co., Ky. on July 16th, 1791 bought two half-acre lots in the town of Hartford, Nelson Co. (now Ohio Co.) of Gabriel Madison for three pounds.  John Keith on July 20, 1791 also bought the same of Gabriel Madison.  Probably these were speculative purchases only, for neither Henry or John Keith seems ever to have lived in Hartford.  The tax-lists of Nelson Co. 1793 give Henry Keith with one male above 21, one between 16 and 21, one horse, 19 cattle, and 7 acres.  William and Alexander Keith appear in the same lists but no John Keith, who seems to have removed to Logon Co.,  Ky. in 1792 or earlier.  Henry Keith does not appear in later Nelson Co. tax-lists but in Logan Co. tax-lists of 1794 Henry Keith is found with 2 males above 21, 1 between 16 and 21, one horse, 23 cattle, and 200 acres of land(third rate).  John Keyth appears in the same lists.  We may place John Keith’s arrival in the Logan Co. at 1791 or 1792 where his brother Henry Keith joined him in the latter part of 1793 or first part of 1794.  From this time on more frequent mention is found of his name.

            In 1795 he is described as having two males over 21 (himself and his son, probably).  In 1796 Henry Keyth has one male over 21, one between 16 and 21, 200 acres on the Muddy River (part of a grant to Henry Roads), two horses, and 21 cattle.  On Dec. 15, 1797 Henry Rhoads and Elisabeth Rhoads, his wife, of Logan Co., Ky sold to Henry Keith of the same county for 30 pounds, of current money 200 acres, part of a larger survey for 525 acres, lying on the Muddy River, where said Keith now lives (and had been living since 1794).  This seems to have been all the land he ever owned in this locality.  On Oct. 4, 1798 Henry Keith entered  200 acres of 2nd rate land on Muddy River, Logan County, joining George Jones.  Evidently this is the same land he had occupied since 1794.  On Oct 23, 1800 Henry Keith enters 200 acres of land in Muhlenburg County.  This was a evidently a repetition of the entry of Oct 4. 1798 in order that it might be preserved on the records of the new county. In January 1797 Matthew Adams, Henry Keath, and Joseph Rhoad were appointed to lay off land from Logan Court House to Rhoads ferry.  Muhlednburg was taken from Loganin 1799.  Henry Keith’s settlement was in the southeastern part of Muhlenburg County on Muddy River where he resided many years and where he probably died.  In Muhlenburg County on July 23, 1799 Henry Keath, Daniel Rhoads, Jr., and others served on the first grand jury of the county.  In October, 1801 Henry Keith, Solomon Rhoads, and others were county commissioners.  Henry Keith appears on the Muhlenburg tax-lists for some years with 200 acres of 3rd rate land (once called 2nd rate) on Muddy River, usually described as having been entered, surveyed, and granted to Henry Rhoades, but once as entered, surveyed, and granted to Henry Keith.  In 1819 the tax-lists he still owned 125 acres of this tract.  In the 1806 tax-list he is called Henry Keith, Sr., but I find no Henry Keith, Jr. to correspond with this Senior and since he is not again called Senior I suspect its use here was an error.  On Aug. 27 1799 Henry Keath of Muhlenburg County apprenticed to Abraham Caughanour, son of John Caughanour, to learn the art of farming.  Should said Henry Keath die, Abraham is to serve Henry’s wife Rachel Keath, and if she should die, Abraham is to serve Henry’s son Alex. Keath.  This bond was signed by Jon. L. Yost and Henry Keath, his mark.  On Dec 24, 1817 Henry Keith, his mark, and wife Rachel Keith, (her mark of Muhlenburg County sold to Richd B. Dallam of Butler Co., Ky for $150.00, 50 acres, part of 200 acres, which said Keith now lives on, being part of a military survey, No 1928, part that Hardin Billings now lives on.  Deed was witnessed by Thomas Overton, and William Luce.  On July 5, 1819 Henry Keith of Muhlenburg County and Rachel, his wife, sold to Thomas Weed?? for love and affection to their daughter Rachel Wood, formerly Rachel Keith, land on the muddy river.  The deed was witnessed by -----Wing and N. L. Webb.  On Mch 20, 1823 Henry Keith and Rachel Keith of Muhlenburg County sold to Benj. G. Asger for $50.00 part of land they now live on, 25 or 30 acres.  This is the latest mention found of Henry Keith (4) and wife Rachel Keith. The U.S. census of 1810 for Muhlenburg County gives Henry Keath as householder, aged above 45, with one female above 45, and one female between 10 and 16.  The 1820 census gives Henry Keith, above 45, no other male and no female.  This omission of his wife is certainly an error for she was still living in 1823.  He does not appear in the 1820 census and his death probably occurred between 1823 and 1830.  the 1810 census for Muhlenburg County gives only two male householders of the same name Keith above the age of 45, namely, Henry and John Keith.  These two are undoubtedly the father of the other Keiths of this period and locality.  Neither Henry nor John left a will and the assignment of the Keiths of the next generation to their respective fathers has been no easy task.  There are, however some dependable indications.  Henry Keith remained where he first settled in the southeastern part of the county on Muddy or Mud River, directly across from present Butler Co. Ky.  John Keith very early moved farthest west and settled on Pond Creek and Cypress Creek, Muhlenburg County.  The proximity of the later Keiths to Henry and John will greatly assist in determining parentage.  Alexander Keith was certainly the son of Henry Keith, and Rachel Keith, who married Thomas Wood was Henry’s daughter.  Christain Keith who in Logan Co., Ky. married Moses Preston, June 21, 1795(license) may safely be assigned to another daughter.  To Henry also probably belongs to one Abner Keith whom I so place for reason that he lacks all association with John Keith and his family.  And since there were two William Keiths of this generation, one of them must have belonged to Henry Keith.  One William Keith married Sarah Wood in Logan Co., Apr 16, 1798 (license) and the other William Keith married Margaret Arnold in Muhlenberg Co. September, 1803 (license).  Because of the frequent association between the Arnold family and the John Keith family it is very probably that the latter William is John’s son and the former William is Henry’s son.  William Keith is October 1798 entered two hundred acres on certificate No 2431 on a branch of Muddy River, joining George Jones and Christian Preston.  He remained in the possession of this tract at least as late as 1806.  Two William Keiths appear in the 1810 census of Muhlenberg County.

            The record of Henry Keith runs approximately as follows:

            Henry Keith (4)  was born about 1740-50 either in Baltimore County, Maryland or present Hampshire Co. West Va. He married before 1780, probably in Virginia to Rachel ---.  He moved to Kentucky about 1780 settling first in present Nelson Co., Ky. Where he lived until 1793-94.   He then settled in present Muhlenburg County, Kentucky and died there between 1823 and 1830.  Issue:

9.                  i. Alexander Keith

?          ii. William Keith married Sarah Wood, Apr 16, 1798 (license)

           iii. Christian Keith, married Moses Preston, June 21, 1795(license) Logan Co, Ky in October, 1798 William Keith is described as joining George Jones and Christian Preston.  Henry Keith’s land is also joined by George Jones.  Since Christie Keith who married Moses wood, 1793 was obviously John Keith’s daughter, Christian Keith who married Preston may safely be assigned to Henry Keith. Since the land joining William Keith is described of Christian Preston(and not of Moses Preston) it may be inferred that she was a widow in October, 1798.

            iv. Rachel Keith, married Thomas Wood.  There were five early Keith-Wood marriages.  The record of this marriage has not been found either in Logan or Muhlenburg County.  But the deed of July 5, 1819, given above, from Henry Keith to Thomas Wood, proves that Henry had such a daughter.

            v. Abner Keith (see appendix)

            vi. Elizabeth Keith, married Joseph Wood, May 31, 1798, (license), Logan Co. Ky.  She is placed here for the reason that John Keith seems to make no Provision for a daughter Elizabeth.


               5.  John Keith(son of John Keith, 2) is the Junior implied in the deed of John Keith, Sr. Apr 16, 1773, Hampshire Co. Va.  No certain record of him is found until he appears in Kentucky.  His military record has already been given with that of Henry Keith, (4).  John Keith, Jonathon Harned, and others signed an undated petition of Kentucky Settlers, presented to the Continental Congress, Aug 23, 1780, praying for relief in regard to the conditions for taking up land.  On June 19, 1780, John Keith, assigned of James Morgan, assignees of ??? Rowell, entered 200 acres upon a treasury warrant in a fork of a branch Creek where the trace leaves the Buffalo road going from Salt River Garrison to Rogers Station.  John Keith on Sept. 22, 1780 entered 200 acres on the north side of Beech Fork from the south of Cedar Run up said Fork and off for a quantity, including a sping and an oak sapling near the head there of marked JK.  On Mch 26, 1781 John Keith entered 200 acres on the waters of ?romans Creek or Lick Creek.  These names clearly indicate present Nelson Co, Ky as the first Kentucky home of John Keith.  On Nov 3, 1784 John Keith and William Keith sign a petition praying for a partition of Jefferson County.  Nelson County was formed in 1785.  On Jan 17, 1786 John Keith received grant for 1000 acres on Brush (Beech?) Creek, Nelson County.  On Feb. 12, 1787 he received grant of 400 acres on Beech Fork of Salt River, Nelson County.  On July 20, 1791 he bought of Gabriel Madison for three pounds two half-acre lots in the town of Hartford (now Ohio County).  On Apr. 9, 1792 he bought of Gabriel Madison another half-acre lot ion Hartford and three acres joining said town.  What happened to John Keith’s Nelson County lands is not known.  I have found no deed showing how he parted with any of them.  On Aug. 20, 1797 John Keith of Logan Co., Ky sold to Robert Mosaley of Hardin County for $20.00 one lot in Hartford.  Again as of Logan County on Sept. 21, 1797 he bought of Richard Morton for one shilling land on both sides of Bear Creek.  On Feb 24, 1800 John Keath, now of Muhlenburg County, sold to Benhamin Harnet for 50 pounds 245 acres in Hardin County on both sides of Bear Creek, a branch of the Green River.  These three deeds are all recorded in Hardin County and the last is also recorded in Muhlenburg.  Benjamin Harnet was a brother of Margaret Harned who married Alexander Keith (6).  On Nov 10, 1789 in Nelson County a license to marry was issued to Daniel Rhodes and Mary Keith.  John Keith, father of Mary, gave written consent.  John Keith appears to have remarried in Logan County in 1791 or 1792 in part now Muhlenburg.  For it was his daughter Christie Keith who in Logan County married Moses Wood, Apr 26, 1792 (liscense).  Henry Keith was still in Nelson County at that time.  In August, 1792, in Logan County, John Keat was appointed overseer of road from Clifty to Rhoades landing on Green River.  This record indicated that he lived in southeastern part of present Muhlenburg County.  The Logan county tax-lists 1794 give John Keyth with one male over 21, and one between 16 and 21, and owning 100 acres of 2nd rate land, 3 horses, and 12 cattle.  The 1799 tax-lists give him 200 acres on Muddy River, entered and surveyed to said Keith, one male over 21 and two between 16 and 21.  On Apr 3, 1798 John Keth and wife Hannah of Logan County sold for 140 pounds of current money to John Sturm 100 acres on a branch of Jacob’s Run, a branch of the Green River.  This seems to be the same land that he occupied in 1794 and the same that shown in the land records at Frankfort as having been granted to John Keith, 100 acres, a military warrant, on Jacob’s Creek (county not given) June 3, 1793.  In October, 1798 John Keith entered 200 acres of 2nd rate land on certificate 2439 in Logan County, joining McClanahan and Phillips.  In Muhlenburg County on June 25, 1799 Daniel Rhoads, Sr, was appointed surveyor of the road leading from Rocky to the fords of raw hide, and at the same time, John Keath, was appointed surveyor of the road from Rocky to Stone’s ferry on Green River.  On Dec 22, 1798 John Keet bought 368 acres of George Matthews of Georgia. The deed though made before Muhlenburg was established is recorded in that county.  This deed was witnessed by Henry Rhoads, H. Lookerman, Daniel Rhoads, and Daniel Rhoads.  The Muhlenburg tax-list of 1800 describes this land as being on Pond Creek, 364 acres, entered and surveyed to George Matthew.  In the same lists John Keith is shown as having 200-acres on Rocky, entered, surveyed, and granted to said John Keith.  This latter tract is in the 1801 lists described as on Muddy River.  In 1802 be possessed 363 acres on Pond Creek and 200 acres on Hooper’s Link.  In 1803 John Keith, Sr. is taxed for 200 acres of 3rd rate land on Harte Creek, 363 acres on Pond Creek, and 200 on Hooper’s Lick.  The tax-lists of 1806 show that John Keith had embarked upon a much larger venture, one by which he was obviously providing for his children.  He is taxed for 200 acres 3rd rate land, entered to James Keith, 200 acres entered to John Keith, 200 acres entered to S. Keith, 260 acres entered to Rachel Arnold, 100 acres entered to Moses Wood.  These entried are all on Pond and Cypress Creeks excepted that entered to S. Keith, which is on Mud River.  The lands of John Keith, Sr. 1806 amount to 1590 acres and distribution is different: 200 acres surveyed to J. Keith, Sr on Pond River, are entered to James Keith; 200 acres on Hooper’s Lick are entered to Silas Keith; 390 acres on Cypress Creek are entered to John Keith, Jr; 400 acres on Cypress Creek are entered to Job Hobsl and 400 acres on Cypres Creek are entered to Jeminah (?) Keith.  Jerimiah but in the view of records found elsewhere it should probably be Jeremiah.  Did John Keith by these arrangements provide for all his children? And are the other Keith’s, not so provided for, of this generation to be assigned to Henry Keith?  With one exception I believe we can so assigned them.  There seems to have been two William Keiths.  One of them is married to Sarah Wood, Apr 16, 1798(license) and the other married Margaret Arnold, September 1803.  It is the latter William Keith who appears as a taxable with 200 acres on Cypress Creek, 1806, entered to William Keith, surveyed in D. Rhoades.  Likewise in 1809 William Keith is taxed for 200 acres entered to James Keith, surveyed to Jno. Keith, Sr. he seems to be the only William Keith surviving in the records beyond 1810 census.  This William Keith(who married Margaret Arnold) seems certainly to have been the son of [Page 27] John Keith. Probably in some way not apparent to us John Keith had also provided for William Keith.  On Nov. 21, 1801 John Keith and wife Hanna sold to Matthew Hanna 100 acres on Pond Creek.  On Nov 23, 1801 John Keith bought of Daniel Rhoads and wife Elisabeth 100 acres on Ponk Creek.  On Apr. 28, 1802 John Keith and wife Hannah sold to Matthew Ham(Hanna?) 100 acres on Pond Creek.  On Feb. 16, 1804 John Keith and wife Hannah sold to John Zimmerman for $500.00 368 acres on Plumb (Pond?) Creek, joining Danl Rhoads's survey.  Evidently this is the land he bough of Geo. Matthews in 1798.  It must have been about this time that John Keith removed from Muddy River farther into the county, settling finaly on Pond and Cypress Creeks, while Henry Keith remained on Muddy River.  The next record is of date Oct. 25, 1806 and shows John Keith in a new enterprise:  Whereas John Keith is about to open a Salt Lick on pond or waters of Cypres with 1290 acres including said Lick and has purchased two tickets in a New York lottery for chance of one-half of two tickets agrees to take Charlse F. Wing in as an equal partner the said Wing agreeing to pay one-half state price of said land, the same being obtained in teh name of Job Hobs 400 acres, Jemtina??? (clerly Jemtina this time but still I think error for Jeremiah) Keith 400 acres, John Keath 200 acres and 290 acres in the name of John Keath ???.  It is understood that Danl Rhoads Jun. is to have one-fourth profit arising from Lick during life of said Keath.  Another ??? Offer to the same matter.  It is dated Nov. 17, 1806 and re-??? that John Keith is about to open a salt well on the land on Pond Creek ???? of Crypress Creek, that Daniel Rhoads is to operate the ??? and that Charlon F. Wing has become a partner. We note that the Pond is called John Keith's land.  The result of this venture has not ???(MISSING PART)

    On ??? , 100??? (CANNOT READ REST OF PAGE 27)
[Page 28]
A record of July 23, 1812 shows that Danl Rhoads, JR of Henderson Co., Ky and whife Polly Rhoads, formerly Polly Keath, had separated and Danl Rhoads sell to John Keath, Jr(evidently an error in transcription, later on in the record he is called John Keath, Sr) 75 acres on Cypress Creek in trust for said Polly Rhoads and her children which is to descend to Riley Rhoads, youngest son of said Polly.  On Nov. 14, 1823 John Keath of Muhlenburg County sold 75 acres and personal property to Polly Compton, late Polly Roads.  William Roads, James Roads, Lewis Roads, Riley Roads, all of Muhlenburg County.  This John Keith would seem to be the one of the former record but no Sr or Jr is attached.  The 1820 census shows but one John Keith, hence it is likely that John Keith, Sr., had died before this and his son John Keith had inherited the trust from his father and fulfils it in this deed.  The last certain mention we have of John Keith, Sr., is found in the 1813 tax-olists.  His wife Hannah seems to be respresented in John Keith's record in the 1810 census.
    John Keith (5) was born probably about 1740-50 either in Baltimore Co., Md or in Hampshire Co., West Va, died after 1812 in Muhlenburg Co., Ky, married Hannah _____. Issue:
10.            i. Mary Keith
                ii. Christian Keith, mariried in Logan Co., Ky, Apr. 26, 1792(liscense) to Moses Wood.  For many years he was closely associated with John Keith and his family.
11.            iii. John Keith
12.            iv. James Keith
13.            v. Silas Keith
14.            vi. William Keith
                vii.Jeremiah Keith, who claims 400 acres on Cypress Creek, Nov, 24, 1805.  In another case the name is plainly Jemimah Keith, and in the third appearance of the name is may be either Jeremiah or Jeminah.  The name is not found again.
             ? viii. Faugher married Job Hobs.
[page 29]
    Before leaving this region and period we note one other marriage.  In Logan Co. Ky, Benjamin Dillad and Christina Keith were married Dec 23, 1797(license).  Christina, Christie, and Christian are all apparently variations of Christianne, the first name of the wife of Alexander Keith, (I).  Who was this Christina Keith who married Benjamin Dillard in 1797 ? The daughters of Henry and John Keith who bore that name are otherwise accounted for.  The very name suggests that she was closely related to this line of Keiths.  In lieu of anything better I conjecture that she was a spinster sister of Henry and John, married omparatively late in life.
6.    Alexander Keith(son of John Keith, 2) has been found only twice in Hampshire Co., West Virginia records.  On May 9, 1770 he witnessed deed of Samuel Woodson and wife Elizabeth to John Pugh, land on North River of Cacapehon.  Other witnesses were Alex. White, JohnRonsaw Samuel Dew, as a misreading for Neavill or Nevill.  Two men named Joseph Nevill appear in the 1782 census of Hampshire in the immediate vicinity of Thomas McCarty whose name figured in the next deed).  On Nov. 8, 1770, Alexander Keith witnessed deed of Mary Williams to Thomas Mcarty, land on South Branch.  Other witnesses were Joseph Heavill (misreading again for Neavill or Nevill, as I regard it) and Daniel McHail.
    We have already seen that Alexander Keith appeared on the records of Ten Mile Baptist Church, resent Washington County, Penn. Feb 4, 1774.  His father John Keith, 2, seems to have been in the vicinity of Ten Mile Baptist Church as early as 1773.  Sometimes between Nov. 8, 1770 and 1773 we may safely assume that they, John and his son Alexander made the move from Hampshire Co. to present Washington Co. Penna.  The "brother Keith and wife" granted letter of dismissal from Ten Mile Baptist Church, Feb 20, 1779, are probably Alexander and his wife and this date may mark their departure for Kentucky, though no record of Alexander in Kentucky has been found prior to 1781. But his brother John Keith and his father-in-law Jonathan Harned appear in Kentucky in 1780.
    Before leaving Pennsylvania we note Alexander's Revolutionary Record.  The records at Richmond show that Alexander Keith belonged to a Company paid of at Pittsburg, commanded by Lt. David Enoch.  The pay-off date is October, 1775, and Alexander Keith was paid for 102 days of service.  Alex. Keith appears also in another Company roll and is represented as being paid of on Oct 28, 1775 for 47 days of service, under Capt Joseph Mitchell, the company being described as belonging to the Romney(Hampshire Co, Va.) rolls.  The writer(Arthur Leslie Keith) has examined the two rolls at Richmond and found Romney Roll contained 17 names all of which names appear on the Pittsburg roll excepting[page 30] two.  Alexr Keith of Romney roll may be considered identical with Alxr Keith of Pittsburg roll.  There area many such duplications.  This is another indication, if any were needed, that the Alexr Keith of the Pittsburg region came from Hampshire County.  Alexr Keith served as a pricate in the above records and the writer has been accepted into the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution by virtue of this service and has assisted cousins into the Daughters of the American Revolution.  Alexr Keith probably saw service only on the frontier against Indians and tories and possible also some British.
    We now follow Alexander Keith to Kentucky.  On March 26, 1781 he entered 200 acres on the waters of Froman's Creek beginning at Williams Keith's at a marked hickory and sugar-tree and with his line and down the Run southward for quantity including his improvement.  The fact that Alexander Keith had improved his land prior to its entry indicated that he had been there for some time before that date.  On same date, William Keith entered 250 acres on White Oak Run of Froman's Creek beginning with a hickory and a sugar-tree in a line agreed upon between said Keith and Alexander Keith from the foot of the Knobb across to the other side with the said line and up the run nearly north for quanitity.  These first Kentucky homes of Alexander and William Keith can be exactly located. They were situated in the western part of the present Nelson County about one mile west of the town of Boston.  "Keith's Knobb" which the writer has seen retains its name though no Keith's have lived near it since about 1800.  On March, 22, 1764 Alexander Keith entered 200 acres, part of a treasure warrant, No. 6944, on a branch of Froman's Creek, a branch of Beech Fork, about five miles southwest of Roger's Station.  Since Alexander Keith seems never to have had more than 200 acres in Nelson County, this entry may be a duplicate of the former.  At a Jefferson County court, May 5, 1764 (Nelson had not yet come off Jefferson) i was ordered that James [page 31] Samuels, John Ezra (?), Robert Mosely, and Alexr Keith, or any three of them, appraise the estate of John Cam, dec'd, Isaac Morrison, Qent., being the administrator.  In Nelson County on Sept 10, 1791 Jonathan Harned Senior and Cats his wife, sold to Alexander Keeth 6 1/4 acres lying in a flat and near lick Creek, beginning at the southwest of a track Alex((written Xlick)) Keith now lives on.  On the same day Alexander Keith and wife Margaret Harned sold the above tract to William Harned.  Jonathan and William Harned were father and brother of Margaret Keith.  On May 13, 1793 Alexander Keeth and his wife Margaret sold to Jonathan Harned (probably son of the above Jonathan Harned) 100 acres on the waters of Beech Fork.  The tax-lists of Nelson County in 1793 give Alexander 100 acres on White Oak Run, 2nd rate land, and in 1795-96 it is called levy-free.  The reason for this exemption probably has some connection with the next record.  On Nov 11, 1794 an agreement was entered int between Alexander Keith and Jonathan Keith((did he mean Jonathan Harned?)), both of Nelson County, wherein it is stated that Alexander Keith had become old and inferm and unable to carry on the work of the plantation, and Alexander gives to the sad Jonathan his plantation to work during the natural life of Alexander or until Alexander's youngest son comes to the age of 21.  Jonathan agrees to provide for the said Alexander and his children until such time that any of them marry, after which they are exculded.  The above record calls Alexander old, but we must take it with a grain of salt.  We know he begot children until 1800 and lived until 1824.  The writer doubts if Alexander was 50 years old in 1794.  Tradition says that he had some mental disorder for many years before he died.  Perhaps the first appearance of this was in 1794.  On Oct. 9, 1800 Alexander Keith and his wife Margaret of Hardin Co., Ky sold to Jonathan Harned (certainly the Junior this time) 100 acres in Nelson County, joining the plantation on which the said Harned now lives.[page 32]
    Alexander Keith had been prominent in the work of the Ten Mile Creek Baptist Church in Pennsylvania.  To what congregation he transfeered his membership in Kentucky is not known.  He could hardly have expected to find a congragation waiting for him in the dark and bloody land.  Perhaps he expected to assist in organizing a church upon his arrival.  The Cedar Creek Baptist Church was organized in present Nelcon Co., Ky on July 4, 1781.  It's early records are lost and we have no way of knowing whether Alexander Keith participated in this organization, but Spencer in his History of Kentucky Baptists state that Alexander Keith was one of the charter members of the White Oak Run Baptist Church organized in 1790 which was in the immediate vicinity of his home.  The records of this church were lost in Spencer's time so he must have got his information by tradition.  Spencer adds that this organization probably did not long continue.
    The year 1800 marks the removal of Alexander Keith from Nelson County to Hardin County.  His new home was only 25 miles a little south of west from Boston on Vertress Creek, a branch of Rough Creek.  Here Alexander lived till his death 24 years later.  He appears in the Hardin County tax-lists of 1800 without land.  In 1802 Alex. Keith is taxed for 110 at Rough Creek.  The records do not show how he aquired this land.  In 1803 he is taxed for 125 acres of 3rd rate land on Vertress Creek, entered, surveyed, and granted to John Hart.  In 1805 he has 175 acres on Ruff Creek.  In 1806 then amount is given as 150
acres, granted formerly to John Hart.  In Hardin County on March 25, 1805 Alexander Keith bought from Nathaniel Harned and Mary, his wife, for six dollars, 150 acres on Vertress Creek, at the corner of Jonathan Harned.  this Jonathan Harned was Alexander Keith's father-in-law who had accompanied him from Nelson County to Vertrees Creek, Nathaniel Harned was Jonathan's son, and Nathaniel's wife Mary was the daughter of John Hart, the original owner of the land bought by Alexander Keith.  In the tax-lists the amount Alexander Keith's land fluctuates from 125 to 175 acres and at his death seem to have been 200 acres.  The next civil record relating to Alexander Keith is dated July 10, 1826.  This record sets forth that Alexander KEith of Hardin Co. Ky, dec'd was for many years before his death afflicted with frequent periodical mental derangements which rendered his care very troublesome; therefore to Jesse Keith who had taken care of him and his wife Margaret the following heirs of Alexander Keith, chldren and grandchildren relinquished their interest and claim to a tract of land containing 200 acres, where the said Alexander Keith formerly lived, on condition that maintain his mother Margaret Keith, during her life.  This reliquishment was signed by John Keith, Nancy Duvall(her mark), and Gabriel Duvall, Jacob Keith, Jonathan Keith, Benjamin Keith, Catherine Keith (her mark), William Keith, John Cash, Elizabeth Cash (her mark), and John C. Hinton.  John Keith, Jacob Keith, Jonathan Keith, Benjamin Keith, and William Keith who signed the above relinquishment were of course sons of Alexander Keith.  Two other sons had died prior to to this date without issue, namely Enos and Henry Keith.  Three daughters, namely Jane, Christianne, and Margaret Keith, had also died before this date, single.  Elizabeth Cash was Alexander Keith's daughter and John Cash signs evidently as her husband.  Gabriel Duvall was the son of Alexander Keith's deceased daughter Nancy Keith Duvall but the said Gabriel Duvall was not yet 19 years old.  Nancy Duvall who also signs was Alexander Keith's granddaughter but not through Nancy Keith Duvall.  She was the daughter of John Hinton (Henton) by his wife Katherine Keith, daughter of the said Alexander Keith, and she, the said Nancy Hinton, had married her first cousin Alexander Duvall, who also had died prior to making of this deed.  her signature therefore represents her deceased husband's interest.  There [Page 34] were three other children of Nancy Keith Duvall, all older than Gabriel, who did not sign.  The reason for this omission is not apparent.  John C. Hinton, son-in-law of Alexander Keith, signs for his interest.  Every name is now accounted for excepting that Catherine Keith.  Alexander Keith had no daughter-in-law or granddaughter named Catherine Keith.  He did have a daughter Catherine who had married John Hinte in 1797.  I regard this Catherine Keith as an error for Catherine Hinton or perhaps Catherine Keith Hinton.  She should appear amoung the signers but does not appear unless she is identical with Catherine Keith.
    Alexander Keith was prominent in the organization of the Regular Baptist Church, called Union Church, on Vertrees Creek in the Western part of Hardin County.  This church was constituted May 4, 1808, by elders Alexr McDougall, Warren Cash, and Martin Utterback.  Warren Cash was later its pastor, probably its first pastor.  There were many marriages between his descendants and those of Alexander Keith.  The name Warren has come down in the Keith family as a first name.  The first records are lost.   The earliest surviving record-book begins with 1818 and was for many years in teh writers posession but has been placed in the State Historical Library at Frankfort, Ky.  In the first roll of members Alexander Keith's name heaads the list of mendand Margaret Keith's name heads the list of women.  Their children and Margaret Harned Keith's relatives were very prominent in the work of the church.  Enos Keith and Benjamin Keith, sons of Alexander, were later pastors of the church.  After Alexander Keith's name in one of the early rolls is written, Dead Mch 1824.  After Alexander Duvall's name (he was grandson of Alexander Keith and once clerk of the church), Died July 1824.  So also Jane Keith Dead 1824; Christian Keith Dead 1824; Margaret Keith (Alexander's umnarried daughter) Dead Sept 1825; Henry Keith Dead Oct 1825.  Here is a death roll of seven adults in [Page 37] one family witin a comparatively brief time.  Traditions of this calamaty have come down in the family.  The disease of which they died seems to have been called dysentery.  A tradition so often repeated that the writer believes must represent the substantial truth concerns the death of Christian Keith.  She was only about 25 years old and had aquired a reputation for great piety.  As she was dying she sang the song which one hears no longer.  "Farewell, vain world, I'm going home".  The writer pays the tribute of respect to the sincerity of the old-time convietions, but he cannot believe that the Creator of the Universe intended that this world should be reguarded as vain or dreary.
    The Old Union Church was destroyed by fire about 1851.   Its successor is about a mile distant from the first church.  On a hill slope arising from the first location of teh Union Church is an old neglected cemetery.  Here at the foot of the slope and near the gate is the grave of Alexander Keith.  Beside him undoubtedly lie the remains of his wife and many of his children.  In the same cemetery Jonathan harned and many of tribe have joined the great majority.  More than 30 years ago I was informed that some of these graves had flat-branch stones but they have since disapeared.  My informant, a grandson of Rev. Benjamin Keith, stated that the gravestone nearest the gate bore the inscription A. Duval.  Next came that of Enos Harned with the inscription Born 1752 Died Oct 22, 1830.  Thomas Duvall's grave came next with dates given as 1777 and 1847.  He had married Alexander Keith's daughter as his first wife.  Next came the graves ascribed in order to Alexander Keith, Enos Keith, Nancy Keith Duvall, and Christian Keith.  Other Keiths were undoubtebly burried in close proximity.  The writer who visted this cemetery in July 1930 was unable to find a single marker.  Large trees have grown on some of the graves. [Page 36]
    Alexander Keith seems to have been a very pious man.  Two of his sons were ordained to the Baptist ministry.  Two of his daughters left reputations for great piety, Christian has already been mentioned.  Rev. Joseph Hartley who joined the Union Church in 1822 under the preaching of Rev. Enose Keith is his autobiography, published in 1864, mentions the part that Jane Keith, sister of Enos, had in his conversion.  At least 12 of Alexander's 14 children became Baptists.
    The personal appearance of Alexander Keith (and the other early Keiths) may be of some interest.  In 1904 the writer spent some very pleasant hours with a grandson of Alexander Keith, namely Dr. Benjamin Keith of Edwardsport, Ind., then in his 18th year.  He told the writer that the older Keiths were usually large-boned men (as was the Doctor himself) but that Alexander Keith was an exception, who was small.  A contemporary of Rev. Benjamin Keith, son of Alexander, has left this description: "Sort of stature, blue eyes, fair complexion, and strikingly wide and high forehead".  This description would probably fit Alexander Keith also.  The writer has seen one signature of Alexander Keith.  It accords well with his personal descriptions, being precise and neat and almost feminine.  Alexander Keith's double log-house on Vertrees Creek, Hardin County was still standing in 1900. 
    Alexander Keith married undotedly in southwestern Pennsylvania about 1773 to Margaret Harned, daughter of Jonathan Harned.  Though this marriage is not confirmed by a single contemporary record there is not the slightest doubt that Margaret Keith was Jonathan Harned's daughter.  Many descendants (most of them now no longer living) have known of this relation.  Margaret Harned Keith had many brotehrs and sisters who left descendants who acknowledged this kinship.  Mrs. Elizabeth C. Bowels writing to me from Vertrees, Hardin Co., Ky Dec 31,1900 (she was a granddaughter of Enos Harned) says: "Ben Keith (she was referring to Rev. Benj Keith) was my mother's own cousin."  Mrs. Annie Bruce [page 37] writing from McDaniels, Ky, June 26, 1991 (she was granddaughter of Nathaniel Harned, son of Jonathan Harned, Sr) says: "I have seen cousin Ben Keith".  Dr. Ben Harned of Chickasha, Okla (he was a grandson of Nathaniel harned_ in his letter of May 5, 1911 says: "I often heard my father speak of Keiths, Rubels, and Smithers as his relatives." (Jonathan Harned, Sr. also had daughters who married Rubel and Smithers.)  John W. Hoskinson (he was grandson of Nathaniel Harned) of Constantine, Ky, Mch 18, 1911 wrote: "I know the Keiths were kin to us through the Harned family", Mrs Ema Shindler, Bloomfield, Ky (she was a great-granddaughter of Nancy Harned Rubel) in her letter of September 1912 (she was then 83 years old) speaks of cousin Ben Keith", whom she had preach and says: "I believe cousin Ben was a first cousin to my grandmother". Jacob Keith Tuley (grandson of Catherine Keith Henton, daughter of Alexander Keith) wrote me from Fresno, Calif., Jan. 12, 1912: "I have heard my mother say a hundred times that my grandmother Catherine Keith's grandfather Harned came from the island of Jersey." (We may accept the Harned Connection but the nearest that Jonathan Harned ever came to the island of Jersey was New Jersy).  Mrs. Nannie Kirkpatrick of Eagleville, Mo., writing to Ben Burch St. Louis, Mo., Sept 4, 1900 (she was granddaughter of Rev Benj Keith and Ben Burch was a great-grandson) says: "I always was under the impression that grandpa Ben's mother was a Harned.  I am almost sure it was.  I knew the Harneds were relatives of ours through grandpa Ben."  Robert Slaughter Duvall (grandson of Nancy Keith Duvall) writing me from Nelin, Ky, Dec. 17, 1911 says: "My grandmother Nancy Keith's mother was a Miss harned, daughter of Jonathan Harned".  Mrs. Myra Gross Vertrees(granddaughter of Elizabeth Keith Cash) writing me from Franklin Cross roads, Ky, May 23, 1901 says: "Alexander Keith's wife was a Harned".  These statements come from widely different sources.  Their [Page 38]combined weight ought to be conclusive even aside from the close associations between Alexander KEith's family and the Harned Family, and the fact that Alexander Keith named his oldest son Jonathan.  I have gone into this matter at some length because of teh lack of a contemporary record and partly to contravert the claim made in one quarter that Alexander Keith married a Bean.  This arose in the following way.  Jesse Bean Keith, born 1800, died 1878, son of Alexander Keith, lived the last years of his life in the home of his nephew Dr. Benjamin Keith of Edwardsport, Ind, to whom I have already referred. Dr. Keith one day asked his uncle how he came by his middle name Bean and his uncle replied that it was his mother's maiden name.  Dr. Keith answered that he had always understood that her name was HArned.  Jesse Keith replied that her name was Elizabeth Bean but that her mother was a Harned.  Dr. Keith seems to have accepted his uncle's version but unnecessarily so.  It is signifiant that Dr. Keith had known of the HArned connection but had to ask about the Bean connection.  It is significant that Jesse Keith did not exclude the Harned connection but put it one generation further bac.  It is significant that he erred in regard to the first name which he gave as Elizabeth.  Kentucky records amply prove that Alexander Keit's wife's name was Margaret.  It is inconceivable that Jesse Bean Keith should not have known his mother's name.  Either they did not understand each other or they got their pronouns mixed.  Jesse Bean Keith in the latter years of his life had a clouded mind as the result of sunstroke.  That might add to the misundetrstanding.  However, the Bean is there and calls for an explanation.  The present writer has not found that explanation.  But Alexander Keith certainly married Margaret Harned.  Those interested in the Harned amily are referred to my article in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol LXI, pages 14-39; also to my articles in The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol 29, pages[Page 39]133-158 and 303-314, The writer regrets that in both these articles, he represented Jesse Bean Keith as giving his mother's name as Catharine.  A reference to my original notes shows that hegave the first name as Elizabeth
    Margaret Harned Keith outlived her husband by ten years.  Her death occured in September, 1834, as recorded in Union Church Register.
    Alexander Keith(6) and wife Margaret Harned had issue;order not entirely certain:
15.        i.Jonathon Keith
16.        ii. Katharine Keith
17.        iii. Nancy Keith
            iv. Henry Keith, appears in Hardin County Tax-Lists, 1803.  In 1804 he was taxed for 50 acres on Ruff Creek.  He died October, 1825, single.
18.        v. William Keith
            vi. Jane Keith, described by Rev. Joseph Hartleyin his auto-biography as a sister of REv. Enos Keith and advanced in years.  She died 1824, single.
19.        vii. John Keith
20.        viii.Enos(Eaneas) Keith
21.        ix. Elizabeth Keith
22.        x. Benjamin Keith
            xi. Jacob Keith, born 1794, died Oct 5, 1882, single.  He was a rover and probably never owned land and apparently without any great ambition but always welomed in the homes of his in.  By younger set he was affectionately called Uncle Jake.  Probably never joined any Church.
            xii. Christianne Keith, died 1824, single.  Has already been mentioned.
            xiii. Margaret Keith, joined Union Baptist Church by confession, Mch. 8, 1825, died Sept 1825, single.
            xiv. Jesse Bean Keith, born 1800, died 1876 at Edwardsport, Ind. Nov 27, aged according to his tombstone 78 years, 2 months, 28 days, single.  He has already appears in this account.  In 1826 the heirs of Alexander [Page 40]
Keith deeded to Jesse eith their interest in the estate o condition that he maintain his moher till her death.  However different arrangements seem to have been made for her in May 1829, he was dismissed by letter from Union Church and his mother went to her daughter Elizabeth Cash at whose home she lived till her death.  On March 7, 1836 Jesse Keith of the County Janway in the territory of Michigan sold to Joesph Hartley the land deeded in 1826.  Janway is the scarecly recognizable form for Iowa which county then included present Wisconsin and Iowa.  His brother Jocob Keith had ben working the lead mines at present Potosi, Wisc and thither Jesse went about 1833 at his mother's request to bring Jacob home that she might see him once more efore she died.  Jacob returned with Jesee, staid a while but went back to lead the mines.  Jesse staid till her death in 1834.  About 1836 while on his way to the lead mines he stopped in Knox Co, Ind to visit his brother John.  By the latter he was induced to settle there.  On Jan 13, 1834 he joined the Maria Creek Baptist Church.  He yielded to the thirst for adventure and about 1850 went across the plans to California to search for gold.  He was more than successful.  he finally returnd to Knox Co, Ind where he lived the last years of his life in teh home of his nephew, Dr. Benj. Keith.  He never married.  The writer was given a cherry bureau once owned by Jesse that he sold to Henry Keith when he went to California.  It now belongs to Ned Keith a grand nephew of the writer.  It is of the style of 1810. 
7.    William Keith(son of John Keith, 2) was born in Baltimore Co., Md or Hampshire Co., Va, about 1740 or 50.  He married in Hampshire Co, Va to Elizabeth Larue who was undoutedly the daughter of Jacob Larue of that County.  Otis M. Mather in his excellent book called Six Generations of Larue and Allied Families published 1921) is too cautious when he says on page 18 "is it believed that Elizabeth,  daughter of Jacob Larue, md. William Keith."  It is known that William Keith md. an Eliz. Larue at that time living in Hampshire Co. Va. and he lived on the big Cacaphon near the home of John Keith(2).  And his name was Jacob Larue.  He was about the right age to have daughter eligible for wife of William Keith.  Said Jacob [Page 41] Larue of Hampshire Co., Va made will Oct 20, 1778, probated Nov 9, 1784.  He describes land on the Big Cacapahon and names sons Peter, John, and Noah, and daughters Sarah, Abigail, and Elizabeth.  He does not  affix any last names to his daughters but the lack of the name Keith after Elizabeth's name does not prove that she did not marry a Keith.  A number of grandchildren of this William Keith and wife Elizabeth Larue vouch for the fact that she was a Larue though some of the have complicated matters by saying that she was a sister of John Larue for whom Larue Co. Ky was named.  She was not John's sister but his first cousin.  John Larue was the son of Isaac Larue of Frederick Co., Va who had a daughter Elizabeth of about the same age as the daughter of Jacob Larue, but Isaac's daughter Elizabeth married Peter Larue, son of Jacob and her first cousin and a brother of the other Elizabeth who married William Keith.
    William Keith's Revolutionary record in Kentucky has already been given.  Prior to this he seems to have served in the Virginia Militia under Capt. Thomas Gaddis at Fort Liverty from Oct. 11, 1776 to Nov 3, 1776.  Jonathan Harnet (Harned) was in the same company.  (this Jonathan Harned was the Junior.)  I have not succeded in location Fort Liberty but it was undoubtedly on the frontier either in Pennsylvania or Virginia.  The association with the name of Jonathan Harnet seems to identify him with the William Keith of this account.  About 1793 his name appears as ensign in a company from Nelson Co., Ky.  His first entry of land has been given above.  On Aug. 19, 1784 William Keath entered 5625 acres upon two treasury warrants, No 15236 and 15237, on the waters of Rowling Fork.  On Nov 18, 1784 he entered 5000 acres of which 4000 acres are part of treasury warrant No. 14785, assigned him by Isaac Larue, and the rest a part of treasury warrant No. 19635, assigned him by Joseph Lewis, on the north side of Green River on a branch of Rough Creek.  Isaac Larue of this record was the uncle of [page 42] Elizabeth Larue, wife of William Keith.  The whole Larue tribe at this time were entering thousands of acres.  So far as William Keith is concerned the claim seems never to have been validated.  On Jan 8, 1793 William Keith and wife Elisabeth of Nelson Co., Ky sold to David Luse 271 acres lying on the north side of Beech(?) Fork on the waters of Freman's Creek, Beginning at Alexander Keith's Corner.  Nelson County tax lists 1793 show him as having 200 acres.  Likewise in 1795 he is taxed for the 200 acres on Rodgers Run, 2nd rate land, lying on Coxes Creek, entered and surveyed to Richd Norton.  In 1800 he is taxed for 280 acres, 2nd rate land, on Coxes Creek, entered and surveyed to Richard Norton, granted to William Luce.  This would seem to be the land which he sold to David Luce in 1793 but it is not clear why he should still be taxed for it.  On Feb. 14, 1798 William Keith of Nelson County bought 81 1/4 acreas of Frederick Netsel and Jacob Ambrose.  On Sept. 17, 1804 William Keith and wife Elizabeth sold to John Henton (this John Henton had previously married Katherine Keith, daughter of Alexander Keith, 6).  On Dec. 18, 1816 William Keith of Hardin Co., Ky sold to Henry Weller of Nelson Co., Ky 55 acres on Roger's run, Nelson County.  No wife signs.  Prior to this he had moved to Hardin County, in part now Larue County, near the Thomas Lincoln farm.  On Sept 28, 1818 in Nelson County he received liscense to marry Mrs Dolly Hartt, widow of Henry Hartt.  On Nov 21, 1823 William Keith of Hardin Co., Ky sold to Electious Hagan 223 1/2 acres on Coxes Creek in Nelson County.  On Nov. 27, 1827 William Keith and wife Dorothy of Hardin County sold to their son Henry Keith land on little south fork of of Holin.  this is the last certain appearance of William Keith.  His children were of course by his first wife, nee Eliszabeth Larue:
23.        i.Jacob Keith
24.        ii. Amy Keith
25.        iii. John Keith
26.        iv. Jesse Keith
27.        v. William Keith
28.        vi. Isaac Keith
        vII.Henry Keith, Married Nelly Edmonson, Nelson Co., Ky, July 2, 1814 (license). Tradition says her name was Nelly Able.  Perhaps she was a widow Edmonson, nec(?) Able. Vague tradition assigns him a son William and also says that he moved to Indiana.  The deed of Nov 27, 1827, given above, is the last certain reference to him.
        viii.Daniel Keith, born 1798 (?), died Feb 28, 1818, single.
29.        ix. Sarah Keith
30.        x. Priscilla Keith

    8. William Farfar Keith(son of Alexander Keith,3) in Baltimore Co. Md. on Jan 1 1772 and wife Sarah sold to Mark Alexander "Shrowsbury" and "Dear bitt".  The middle name and the lands identify him as the descendant of Alexander Keith (1) and since he could not have ben the son of John Keith (2) he must have been the son of Alexander Keith (3).  We may still further identify him with the William Keith who in Baltimore County on Nov. 27, 1771 had 34 acres surveyed called "Keith's first venture", at head of hollow that descends into George's Run; also with William Keath of same county, Dec 21, 1781, in debt to the estate of John Leonard Jacoby to extent of 1. 8. 4; with William Keith who with wife Sarah had daughter Sarah born in Baltimore County, Feb. 16, 1784; with William Keith who on Sept. 9 1785 is recorded as the owner of 44 acres in the confiscated lands of Henry Harford, Baltimore County; with William Keith who in 1789 in same county owned "Keith's Long Mountain".  We may still further identify him with William Keeth who made will in Baltimore County, May 1, 1810, probated Sept. 22, 1810.  It was witnessed by Edward Brown, Johannes Zollenberg (?), and John Brown.  The name Merryman occuring as the middle name of one of his sons suggests a connection with the Merryman who witnessed the will of Alexander Grant, 1738, in which will Alexander Keith (3) was named.[Page 44]
    William Keith mentions no wife in his wills.  His children are named in the following order:
            i.William Merryman Keeth
            ii. John Keeth
            iii. Solomon Keeth
            iv.  Elick (Alexander) Keeth
            v. Jacob Keeth
            vi. Zaccheest (?) Keeth (named Executor).
            vii. Sary Anshel (?), undoutely the Sarah Keith, born Feb 16, 1784.
    The later Keiths of Baltimore County probably descend rom the children of this William but they have not been traced.  The family of Alexander Keith (3) now passes from this account.

Fourth Generation

    9. Alexander Keith (son of Henry Keith, 4) was born about 1786.  He was taxable in Logan Co., Ky in 1795.  In same county he married Elizabeth Stewart, March 16, 1798(license).  In Muhlenburg Co., Ky in 1806 he was taxed for 200 acres, 3rd rate land on Muddy River, entered and surveyed to the same.  In same county in July, 1809 he was liensed to marry Sara Miller, the marriage being solemnized by J. Bourland.  The 1810 census shows him as a householder with one male between 26 and 35 (himself of course), one female between 16 and 26 (apparently his second wife), one male between 10 and 16, two males and two females under 10.  He is last found in Muhlenburg in tax-lsts of 1813.  Sometime later he removed to Warrick Co., Ind., still living in Warrick Co., Ind., 1850 in the house of his grand daughter Sarah Ann Keith Hunt.  He is said to have been an herbal doctor.  The 1810 census shows that he had several children but the name of only one is known.  Alexander Keith (9) and wife Elizabeth Stewart had issue:
31.           i. Jesse Keith
[Page 45]
    10. Mary Keith (daughter of John Keith, 5) married in Nelson Co., Ky to Daniel Rhodes, Nov. 10, 1789 (license), father John Keith giving written consent.  Daniel Rhodes and family accompanied the Keiths to Logan and Muhlenburg Counties.  John Keith and Daniel Rhodes in Muhlenburg Conty in 1806 entered into a partnership arrangement in regard to some salt licks on Pond and Cypress Creeks.  On July 23, 1812 Danl Rhoads, Jr., of Henderson Co., Ky sold in trust to the John Keath 75 acres on Cypress Creek, the same to descend to Riley rhoads, youngest son of Daniel and Polly Rhoads.  Mention is made of their separation.  In Muhlenburg County on Nov. 4, 1823 John Keath sold this land to Polly Compton, late Polly roads, and to William Roads, James Roads, Lewis Roads, and Riley Roads, all the Muhlenburg County.  Mary (Polly) Keith marriage 1. Daniel Rhoades, 2. -----Compton.  By her first husband she had issue.
                i. William Rhoades
                ii. James Rhoades
                iii. Lewis Rhoades
                iv. Riley Rhoades
    11. John Keith, Jr. (son of John Keith, 5) first appears as a taxable in Muhlenburg County in 1800.  On Oct. 22, 1804 John Keath Junr relinqueshes 290 acres on cetification No. 424 and claims 290 on Cypress Creek.  His claim was granted.  In September, 1830 john Keith married Rachel Arnold.  In 1805 John Keith, Sr., while entering land for himself and children enteres 250 acres in the name of Rachel Arnold.  It is certain that this land later belongs to John Keith, Jr.  It is curious that she shuld be mentioned by her maiden name.  This seems to be the same land shown by the records at Frankfort, Ky (but of 256 acres) to have been granted to John Keith, Jr., Oct 18, 1803, on Pond River.  In 1806 John Keith, Jr. is taxed for 140 acres on Cypress, entered to Joseph Arnold, Jr., and 160 acres on Cypress, entered to[Page 46] Jork Arnold, Also in 1808 he is taxed for 100 acres on Pond River entered to Moses Wood.  In 1819 he is taxed for three tracts, 100, 256, and 156 acres respectively.  The 256 acres tract is described as that surveyed to Rachel Arnold.  On Sept 3, 1819 John Keith and wife Rachel of Muhlenburg county sold to Jacob Dame 160 Acres on Pond River bein part of land surveyed and entered to Rachel Arnold and granted to said Keith.  They likewise sold on same day 100 acres on Pond River, entered in name of Moses Wood, surveyed and patented to John Keith, joinging Silas Keith, On Dec 30, 1827 John Keith and wife Rachel of Muhlendburg County sold to William Thoads 30 acres, part of 256 acres entered to Rachel Arnold.  On Nov 13, 1829 they likewise sold to John Beark 70 acres on Cypress Creek.  On aug 20, 1835 Abney McLean sold to John Keith of the state of Indianna part of 200 acres in Muhlenburg Co., Ky to Joseph Arnold.  Why John Keith sould buy land in Muhlenburg County after having removed to Indiana is not apparent.  The 1820 census of this county shows only one John Keith.  He is aged above 45 and has a large family of children, seven of whom are under 16.  A deed of Muhlenburg County, dated Apr. 18, 1846, from John Keith's heirs gives us our only information of his children.  In this deed Thomas Keith and wife Elizabeth, John reynolds and wife Alice, John Bracket and wife Nancy, Ward McDaniel and wife Sarah, and Samuel O. Grundy, heirs of John Keith, sold 27 acres on Cypress Creek.  John Keith and wife Rachel Arnold had issue:
            i. Thomas Keith, married Elizabeth -----.
            ii. Alice Keith, married John Reynolds
            iii. Nancy Keith, married John Bracket
            iv. Sarah Jane Keith, married Ward McDaniel.
            v. Daughter married Samuel O. Grundy

    12. James Keith (son of John Keith, 5) married Margaret Wood in Muhlenburg Co., Ky Apr 27, 1803 (license). The relations between the Keith and the Wood families seem to have been very close, since this is the fifth Keith-Wood Marriage in this region within a limited period.  James Keith is listed as a taxable in 1808.  On Oct 21, 1803 he was granted 300 acres on Cypress Creek.  Two additional grants to James Keith on Cypress are dated July 28, 1812 and June 1, 1825 for 90 and 50 acres respectively.  On July 20, 1809 he witnessed deed of Daniel Rhoads to John Keith, Sr. On Aug. !, 1825 James Keath and wife Peggy Keath sold to William Keath 200 acres on Cypress Creek, entered, surveyed, and patented to James Keath, joining Jeremiah Arnold and John Keath.  They likewise on Oct 29, 1833 sold to William Fall 259 acres on Cypress, joining William Keith and Joseph Arnold.  The 1850 census gives his age as between 40 and 50.  Since he was a taxable in 1802 he must have been born about 1781.  the censuses of 1810, 1820, and 1830 show that he had a large family but no trace of them after the deed of Oct 29, 1833 has been discovered. 
    13. Silas Keith (son of John Keith, 5) in 1804 was taxed for 200 acres, 3rd rate land on Mud River.  In 1807 this land is described as on Muddy River, in the name of John Keith, Sr., entered to Silas Keith.  This is the last certain reference to Silas Keith.  He does not appear in the census lists of 1810 and 1820.  It is fairly certain that he died 1806-07 and left no issue.  Another Silas Keith appears in Muhlenburg records in 1824 and later.
    14. William Keith (son of John Keith, 5) married Margaret Arnold in Muhlenburg Co., Ky September, 1803 (license).  She seems to have died about 1829 and William Keith married 2: Elizabeth ------. He had children by both wives.  He appears in the 1810 census with one male and once female between 26 and 45, two males and two females under 10.  The 1806 tax-lists show 200 acres of 3rd rate land on Cypress Creek, entered to William Keith, surveyed to D. Rhoades.  From 1808 to 1824 William Keath was taxed for 200 acres on Cyrpress Creek.  In 1819 [Page 48] land, taxed to William Keath, is descrived as entered, surveyed, and granted to James Keith.  He is also taxed for 50 acres on the Cypress to 1824.  The 1830 census of Muhlenburg County gives William Keith as householder, aged between 50 and 60, one male between 20 and 30, one male between 5 and 10, and fear males and one female under 5.  since no adult female is given we infer that he was a widower at this time.  On Sept. 9, 1837 William Keith and wife Elizabeth sold to "his" son Silas Keith 75 acres on Cypress Creek, part of a 200 acre tract entered, surveyed and patented to James Keith.  On same day they sold to WIlliam McLaughlin land on Cypress Creek.  On July 18, 1844 William Keith, Sr., sold to Silas Keith, 4 acres on Cypress, joining land sold to said Silas Keith by William Keith, Jr.  On May 2, 1850 William Keith, Sr. and wife Elizabeth sold to "his" son James Keith, 62 acres on Cypress Creek, joining William McLaughlin.  On Oct. 2, 1850 William Keith, Sr. and wife Elizabeth sold to son William Keith, Jr.  land on Cypress Creek, srveyed to James Keith, Aug 18, 1825, except such portions as William Keith, Sr., had heretofore given "his" son Silas "John" Keith and Ishaak Keith (last name undoubtedly meant for Ihham or Isam). On May 27, 1852 William Keith, Sr., Isom Keith, and William Keith, Jr., all of Muhlenburg County, sold land on Cypress To Sanders Eaves.  Bard in his diary, Nov 7, 1848 says: "Preached at Wm Keith's on Cypress, Muhlenburgh, a liberal Baptist".  The 1850 census of Muhlenburg County gives William Keith as householder, aged 75, farmer, born in Virginia, 50, born in Ohio; William Keith, 21, born in Ky, Netia(?) Keith, 17, Tabitha Keith, 15, Sarah Keith, 13, Christian Keith, 17, all born in Ky.
    William Keith(14) was bron about 1775 in Virginia, married 1. Margeret Arnold, Septemer 1803, and had issue:
32.            i. Silas Keith  
33.            ii. Isham(Isom, etc) Keith
                iii. William Keith, had wife Christiy Ann Keith in 1853. 
    About 1830 William Keith married 2. Elizabeth ----- and had issue:
                iv. Netia (?) Keith, born about 1833
                v. Christian Keith, Born about 1833
                vi. Tabitha Keith, born about 1835
                vii. Sarah Keith, orn about 1837
    15. Jonathan Keith (son of Alexander Keith, 6) was born June 15, 1775 in present Washington Co., Penna on Ten Mile Creek.  We have already noted the contract of 1794 by which Jonathan Keith assumed the care of his father's plantation.  Jonathan Keith appears on the Nelson Co., Ky tax-lists, 1799 and 1800 as a taxable without land, likewise in the 1806 and 1808 tax-lists of Hardin County.  The land grants at Franksfort show that Jonathan Keith and Benjamin Harned (his uncle) as assignees of John Hart receive 50 acres in Hardin County on Vertrees Creek, a branch of Rough Creek, joining Hart's 200 acre survey.  Jonathan Keith seems not to have been taxed for this land.  In Nelson Co, Ky on Feb 16, 1801 Jonathan Keith signed the marriage bond of Benjamin Harned and Hanna Colvin.  In Nelson County on Jan 6 (or 8), 1804 license was issues to Jonathan Keith to marry Elizabeth Irwin, the bond was signed by Daniel Kennedy and Jonathan Keith.  The latter's name is in his own writing and shows a somewhat cramped, upward-slanting style, yet is quite legible.  Like his father's writing it may be described as feminine rather than mascline.  Elizabeth Irwin was born June, 1773 and was the daughter of John Irwin by his wife Margaret MacFarlane, who came to Kentucky in 1780 or before Augusta Co., Va.  John Irwin was born about 1738, died January, 1826 in Nelson Co., Ky.  Jonathan Keith served in the war of 1812 as a private n Capt. Solomon Brandenburg's Company in the 3rd (Miller's) Regiment of Ky Militia. [Page 49] His service began Sept. 1, 1812 and ended Dec. 25, 1812.  His brothers Benjamin Keith and William Keith and his brother-in-law James Irwin served in the same company.  In Hardin County in suit of George W. Dale vs William Allen, August. 1818, George Irwin and John Arnet (Harned) were witnesses for Dale and Thos. Miller and Jonathan Keath for Allen.  On July 10, 1826 he signed with other Keith heirs his interest in Alexander Keith's estate to Jesse Keith.  His name does not appear on the Union Church records.  He seems never to have joined any church.  Jonathan Keath appears in the 1830 census of Meade Co., KY (he probably lived near the village of Gernettsville).  He is given one male and one female between 50 and 60 (himself and wife), one male between 20 and 30, one male and two females between 16 and 20, and one male and one female between 10 and 15.  These ages agree exactly with the dates of birth as shown by the family Bible.  Jonathan Keith died, probably in 1830, under tragic circumstances.  He had joined Jesse Keith, son of Alexander Keith (9) of Muhlenburg County on a flatboat trip down the Mississippi.  This was the great highway to the outer world for this region before the advent of railroads.  When in the vicinity of Vicksburg, Miss., the party was attacked by Asiatic cholera and five of them died, including Jonathan Keith.  He lies buried somewhere on the banks of the Mississippi in an unmarked grave.  His son George Irwin Keith, who was then 15 years old, was with his father on this venture and made his way back home as well as he could and after many weeks brought to his home the first news of the death of Jonathan Keith.  Within a few years Elizabeth Irwin Keith and her family moved to Knox Co., Ind.  Her name and the names of her sons Henry Keith and John Keith appear for the first time on the rolls of the Maria Creek Baptist Church, Dec. 18, 1835.  She died November, 1847 near Freelandsville, Ind., and was buried on the farm of John Keith (19).[Page 50]